What Are the Main Components of a Pallet Truck?

pallet truck

What Are the Main Components of a Pallet Truck?

A pallet truck, also known as a scissor lift pallet truck, is an electric powered piece of machinery that both transports and lifts loads. These trucks can reduce the manual effort of moving and stacking heavy materials, and can save much time and money in a warehouse environment.

There are several types of pallet trucks available. The most popular are the walk-behind and ride-on pallet trucks.

Hydraulic pump

The hydraulic pump of a pallet truck is the main system that makes it function. A hydraulic pump is a series of gears and other parts that allow the truck to drive and lift loads. pallet truck It is also used to steer the pallet jack in different directions. It is important to maintain the hydraulic pump of a pallet truck so that it works properly and is safe to use.

The first step is to close the outlet valve on the hydraulic pump. This will create a vacuum in the cylinder. Once this is done, the pump can fill with fluid. The fluid then goes through the inlet valve and into the pump casing. From there, it goes to the runner vanes and starts to rotate.

As the runner vanes rotate, they generate more pressure in the system. This pressure is transferred to the discharge port of the pump, where it is then forced out into the load wheels and forks of the pallet jack. The hydraulic pump of a pallet jack is a simple, yet efficient, system that provides many benefits to businesses in the materials handling industry.

The handle of a pallet truck has three positions – drive, lift, and neutral. When the control lever is pumped in the lift position, it causes the hydraulic pump to rise. This, in turn, raises the forks of the pallet jack to the appropriate height. The two large steer wheels are located below the handle, control lever, and hydraulic pump. These wheels help maneuver the pallet jack as it is driven.

Steer wheels

The pallet truck’s steer and load wheels are what makes it so versatile. The steering wheels are recessed into the forks and work in tandem with the larger, swiveling wheels on the handle side (called load wheels) to propel the pallet truck forward. Depending on your facility’s needs, there are different wheels available to suit specific flooring types. The two basic types are polyurethane and nylon, with both offering advantages for your business.

If you have smooth flooring, polyurethane wheels are ideal as they are quieter and don’t mark floors. Nylon wheels are a good option for rough applications as they have a higher resilience and can cope with rubble and debris.

Look for a pallet truck with articulating steer wheels to ensure manoeuvrability, especially in tight warehouse aisles or when loading vehicles. A truck with power start technology also reduces the resistance on the operator and helps the truck get up to speed faster. Ultimately, you should replace your pallet truck’s wheels whenever they show signs of damage or excessive wear and tear. This will make your pallet truck operate better, be easier on your employees and prevent a potential safety hazard. As a rule, the steer and load wheels should be replaced in pairs. It’s easy to do this yourself, and we stock all the parts you need.


The forks of a pallet truck are an important component because they help lift the load and maneuver it around. These forks can also be used to steer the machine, and they can vary in length to fit different loads. You can choose a short-fork model for smaller loads, or long-fork models for larger loads.

Each fork has two smaller wheels that slide Lifting Equipment under the load. These wheels do not rotate, but you can find models with larger, guiding wheels that can be used to steer the machine. These wheels are usually made of polyurethane or metal and are available with a wide range of diameters.

When the control lever is lowered, the forks raise up to the loading height. Then, the forks slide inside the slats of the pallet. To lower them back to the ground, you simply have to crank the handle down.

The pallet jack’s load capacity is an important consideration when choosing one for your business. It helps you to avoid overloading, which can damage the machine and create safety hazards. The load capacity also reflects the maximum weight that the forks can carry, so make sure you’re not exceeding it when lifting or moving loads. Also, be aware that a pallet jack can’t reach the same elevation as a forklift, so you need to plan ahead if you’re using it on inclines or slopes.

Control lever

The control lever of a pallet truck is an important feature that helps you maneuver your load. It allows you to steer your vehicle left or right, and on some electric models, it also has controls for up and down. It is a simple, yet effective tool for your material handling needs. You can use it for transporting your loads and moving them from one place to another in your warehouse or industrial facility.

In order to operate a manual pallet jack, you must first raise the actuating lever to its drive position. This will allow the jack forks to move down and pick up the load from the ground. You must then pump the actuating lever up and down until the load is raised to its desired height. Once you have the load in its desired position, you can lower it by pressing the actuating lever down to the neutral or resting position.

A powered pallet jack is ideal for high-intensity operations that require multiple shifts, efficient loading/unloading, order picking, and short, medium, and long internal transports. They also offer greater versatility as you can switch between ride-on and walk-behind mode. They also have the ability to be easily recharged, which reduces your overall costs of ownership. However, you must be careful when using them and never exceed the weight capacity. Surpassing the load capacity can be dangerous to the operator and the load itself.

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