Pigment Photoluminescent

Pigment Photoluminescent

Photoluminescent pigments load up with light (UV, solar energy, electrical) and release slowly the stored energy by glowing in the dark. They have very long afterglow times compared to other phosphorescent materials.

Using confocal microscopy, we analyzed the spatial distribution of violet, blue and yellow-green pigments dispersed within a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) binder at 5 wt % concentration. Using this data, we calculated pigments’ size distribution in terms of count and diameter (u).


Pigment photoluminescent is a range of light-emitting pigments that glow when excited by an external source of energy. They are non-toxic, and are free from cadmium, lead, mercury, arsenic, chromium, antimony and selenium.

Luminance can vary depending on the exact pigment type but in general, it tends to increase in the first ten minutes after illumination. It also deteriorates after that time as the excitation energy fades and the luminescence decays. This is a common behavior for phosphorescent materials.

The luminance of pigments is measured in microcandela per square metre. It is typically measured in a single point in the dark or at the bottom of a glass container. The intensity of the glow will depend on the particle size of the pigment and also on the colour of the pigment.

For example, yellow-green pigments will glow longer and have a higher luminescence than blue or violet ones. This is because green particles have more surface area than blue and violet ones, so they will absorb more light and emit it in a longer period of time.

Moreover, the luminous intensity can be adjusted by adjusting the granularity of the pigment. In general, larger-grain-size grades have better luminescence than finer-grain-size grades. Coating manufacturers can use a variety of grinding processes to modify the size of the particles.

One of these processes is confocal microscopy, which enables visualization of the pigments’ distribution within a 3D image projection, as shown in Figure 1. In this case, 5% pigment photoluminescent luminescent pigment in three different concentrations was admixed with a PDMS binder for 5 minutes. The prepared dispersions were then applied onto cotton fabric, using a flat screen-printing machine.

In the x- and y-planes, the pigments were distributed in a homogeneous manner, while in the z-plane they were observed through an inspected thickness of about 300 um. These results point to the suitability of the selected binder-printing procedure, as well as the possibility of deep colour coding, where different colours correspond to the fluorescence signal from a particular z position. As the confocal microscopy data are not affected by the presence of any background emission, this technique is a powerful tool for non-destructive visualisation of pigments’ spatial distribution in printed cotton fabrics.

Afterglow time

Photoluminescent pigments are luminescent crystals that glow in the dark after absorbing various forms of light such as daylight and artificial lights. These crystals can be incorporated into resins, pastes, plastics and glass. They can also be used in certain paints and dyes.

The main advantage of photoluminescent pigments is that they can be used repeatedly without the need for any additional chemicals to produce a glow in the dark effect. This is because the photoluminescent pigments are able to absorb and re-emit energy without chemical reaction.

This is accomplished through a process known as phosphorescence. This process is different than fluorescence because it takes time for the light to diffuse and re-emit. For this reason, phosphorescent pigments have longer afterglow times than fluorescent pigments.

These pigments can be found in the market in many colors and can be a good choice for any application. They are safe for the environment and people, as they do not contain radioactive materials.

Some of these luminous powders have a duration of between six and 10 hours. This is much higher than the usual afterglow times of traditional zinc sulfide or radioisotope based luminescent powders.

They are also very heat-proof and can resist a wide range of temperatures. This makes them useful for products such as watches, switches, signs, fishing gear and military facilities.

A number of companies manufacture these luminescent powders. These include Epsilon, Nemoto and Everyglow.

Epsilon’s luminescent powders are based on strontium aluminate and differ greatly from conventional Zinc Sulfide or radioisotope-based phosphorescent pigments. The luminescent powders from Epsilon have a 10 times longer afterglow time than their ZnS-based counterparts, and are more durable, brighter and safer for the environment.

These powders are available in three particle sizes — 25-40, 45-65 and 10-20 microns. Each of these particle sizes offers a specific brightness and glow duration that are best suited for a particular application.

Particle size

Photoluminescent pigments, also known as glow in the dark or phosphorescent pigments, are powdery substances that absorb light energy and emit it in the dark. They can be added to various transparent media including coatings, inks, paints, plastics and printing pulp. They are generally available in different particle sizes.

The size of the pigments will affect their luminescence properties. Larger particles will have greater luminescence power and longer afterglow time than smaller particles. They are also more durable and resistant to degradation in water.

A variety of luminous pigments with long afterglow are currently available in the market, such as lumilux N and SN (nanograin) phosphorescent pigments. These luminescent pigments are used as safety signs, dispersion paints and resins, as well as in other applications.

Pigment photoluminescents can be processed as a powder or as a granule in the same way as traditional pigments. However, they have a more complex crystalline structure than traditional pigments. These features make them ideal for a wide range of applications.

For example, they are commonly used in paint and ink production, glass manufacture, ceramic glazes and plastic moulding. They are also suitable for many other industrial applications, such as lighting.

Luminescent pigments have different properties that depend on the size of the particles, as well as their color. For instance, green particles are larger and will have a longer afterglow time.

The size of the particles can be influenced by various factors, including how much they are ground down during production and whether they have an alkali or acid concentration. This can determine the level of luminescence and afterglow performance for a specific product or application.

Using confocal microscopy, the spatial 3D distribution of three commercial photoluminescent pigments, in powdered form as well as when applied onto cotton fabric, was comprehensively evaluated. The technique was also used for the first time in evaluating the emission intensity of the pigments within the cotton fabric.


Glow in the dark pigments are used in many applications. They can be used to create patterns on textiles, metals and other materials. They are also widely used in fire safety and security systems, military facilities, communication and transportation, emergency response and more.

Photoluminescent products have a luminescent charge that is triggered by an energy source, such as sunlight, white light or UV radiation. Once excited, the luminescent charge glows in a variety of colors. They are commonly known as “glow in the dark” or afterglow pigments because they continue to emit light even after the energy source has been removed.

They can be incorporated into coatings and other substrates such as plastic and metal, and are primarily employed for signage that requires a long afterglow. They are also used in surface coatings, ceramic tiles and coated glass for applications such as safety signs.

The use of photoluminescent pigments is increasingly popular, as they offer increased luminosity and improved afterglow properties for coatings. They are particularly useful in high-stress marine, aircraft and pigment photoluminescent manufacturing environments where the demand for self-emitting glow technology is increasing.

Pigment photoluminescent can be mixed into many different mediums, including water-based, solvent based and oil-based. The proper ratio of the pigment to medium depends on the application and production process. Mix a small amount of the pigment with medium and stir well to achieve an even suspension.

Choosing the right pigment is crucial to achieving optimal results. Most of the available glow in the dark powders are yellow-green, aqua-blue and sky-blue, but there are other colours as well. These include blue and violet.

These pigments are highly efficient in low-light conditions and have long afterglow times. They are also resistant to moisture, making them suitable for coatings and other substrates that are subjected to a wide range of environmental conditions.

In this study, we applied several advanced microscopic and spectroscopic techniques, including confocal microscopy, to evaluate the spatial distribution of three commercial photoluminescent pigments, which were screen-printed onto cotton fabric. The confocal microscope provided comprehensive evaluation of the pigments’ size, spatial distribution and emission intensity.

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